West Orange, New Jersey
18 Hole Private Golf Course

Master Plan

Master Plan Document

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This is a view of the 4th green from the right fairway.  The green is an extension of the fairway.  A large bunker is along the right side of the green, and is depicted below.  Notice the fairway curving to the right to meet the bunker.  At a later phase, fairway bunker work will be done to the right of where the picture was taken and the new fairway line will be tied into the fairway line near the bunker.
The original bunker faced had collapsed.  Severe drainage problems caused the area to the right of the bunker to be a swamp, and a cart path was squeezed into this area between the bunker and the teeing area for hole 5 to the right. 

The bunker was rebuilt.  the area to the right of the bunker was regraded to make for better surface drainage, and some of the manmade structures were removed that became impediments to surface drainage.  The cart path was rerouted along the left side of the green.  This made for a much smoother transition along the path from the 4th green to the 5th tee.  the area to the right of 4 green was grassed so that now the entire area between the 4th green and 5th tee is grass.

The picture above and to the right are of hole 5.  The bunker was rebuilt, and the surrounding terrain was graded to blend the features into the surrounding terrain.  Notice how the fairway broadens out near the green and matches with the bunker.       The above shows the condition of the bunker in January 2005 shortly after the face of the bunker began to collapse.  Notice the awkward shaping that was done in an attempt to create visibility of the bunker.  Many sharp slopes were created that did not blend well with the existing terrain.
This is the left side bunker at hole 5 green after it was repaired in January 2006.  The grass face was returned, and the area around the bunker that had been poorly shaped was repaired as well.  The fairway broadens out on this side as it did on the right side, bringing the bunker more into play, and giving more interest to the ball that rolls into the green along the approach.   


This is the bunker prior to our work.  It was showing signs of collapsing, and actually had been temporarily buttressed.  Notice the convoluted shaping in front, and the large amount of approach that was in rough, thus preventing any interesting run up shots to the green.

The picture to the left depicts the finished repair work to the bunker on the left side of the 7th green.  Not only was the bunker face collapsing because of the botched renovation in 2001, but surface water from the green was directed toward the bunker face, thus compounding the problems it was to experience.  Again, notice how the fairway is broadened out in front of the green.  In this case the pronounced slope now grassed as fairway will most assuredly help a careless shot into the bunker.

Almost a mirror opposite of the 7th green bunker is this bunker that was repaired on the right side of hole 8 green.  Notice the new fairway that now abuts the bunker, and makes the slope leading up to the green more of a strategic element. 
These three pictures depict the 11th green.  The picture above, right shows the green bunker as the bunker face begins to collapse.  To the right is the bunker under construction.  The decision was made at this time to do repairs to the right bunker as well so that the entire green area would be completed at once.  The picture above depicts the completed work. 
The pictures to the left, below, and below left are of the 12th hole.  The picture to the left shows the fairway bunkers that were repaired and returned more to the style of the original design.  The two picture below show the approach area to the green.  The original green is surrounded by a ridge.  The 2001 renovation saw a pot bunker installed in the front, right approach to the green that was out of character with the original design.  This area, depicted below, was repaired, the bunker removed, and the ridge replaced in front.  The angle of approach depicted in the picture below is good for pin positions toward the right portion of the green.  However, if the pin is left the player must play a delicate pitch over the ridge to get to the pin.  The picture below left shows the angle of approach from the right side of the fairway.  This is the best position to enter the left pin area, however in order to have this favorable angle the player must contend with the bunker on the right.  This is not a good angle from which to approach pin areas on the right because the player must play a delicate pitch over the bunker.

Drainage was an important part of the work at Rock Spring.  Above is an area that was repaired because it was constantly wet.  Apparently when an irrigation system was installed an old drain line was cut so the under ground water collected in this area.  The old drain line was routed into a new junction box, and additional subsurface drainage was installed to help keep the area more dry.   This picture above is the same area depicted in the picture to the left, and shows the area during the repair work.  The junction box is being constructed and a perforated drain line that eventually was encased in gravel has been installed.  The junction box also serves as a catch basin; you can see the grate in the turf swale in the picture to the left.  


The picture to the left depicts the work that has been accomplished on the left green side bunker at hole 16.  The right side bunker, which was dramatically modified in a 2001 renovation, was repaired this winter by removing it and installing a bunker that completely envelopes the right side and back side of the green, much like is depicted on a 1940 aerial.  The sketch plan below, left depicts the configuration of the enveloping bunker that will be implemented this winter.  The left bunker in the diagram is the old bunker that was revised to be what is shown in the picture on the left.
The picture above, and to the left depict the finished hole.  The large bunker that surrounds the right side and behind the green has been completed and the sod laid this December 2006.  The finished hole closely resembles the hole as it existed in 1940.


Hole 10 was altered dramatically in 2001, and did not accurately portray the original design.  Furthermore, the bunkers were impossible to play from for a number of members, and each one were showing signs of failure.  In December 2006, with Pavelec Brothers, the Golf Course Contractor, we began the process of returning the hole close to its design as depicted in the 1940 aerial.
Above is a picture of the newly completed hole 10 taken on December 21, 2006. The picture above is hole 10 before it was returned to its original design. 
The three pictures, above left, above, and left, show different angles of hole 10 as it was being completed on December 21, 2006.  This hole is what would be called the "short hole" within the repertoire of Seth Raynor and Charles Banks.  Intimidation seems to be an important ingredient in this type of hole so seeing the bunkers from the tee is important. The green should look like an island in a sea of sand.   



The restoration of hole 7 green site was completed this past winter and spring.  The left bunker was restored a couple of years ago, you can see that work about midway up in this report.  New tees were built on hole 5.  And, the left greenside bunker was restored on hole 15.  Below is a recap of the work.

Here is a picture of the right side green bunker on hole 7 that was restored this past winter.  The course typically plays firm so it is wise to bump a shot in along the fairway to the front, right pin area, you see that pin position in the picture.  However, a small portion of the fairway and green surround pitches toward the bunker so the shot must be carefully played.
Pictured to the right is a view of the same bunker looking back to the fairway. 
The picture to the left shows one of the new tees built for hole 8.  One significant change here is the removal of the cart path between hole 8 tees and hole 7 green.  The path started where the carts are on the far right side of the photo and came up to the tee in the foreground and then turned to the left.  The path is now located along the left side of hole 7 green in the woods and comes behind the green and behind this tee. 
Standing at the back of the new tee on 8 and looking to the right, as depicted in the picture to the right, you see where the path will come behind the green of hole 7.  A small, dry stack rock wall was built into the hillside to make room for the path.  Right now we have a minor dispute with the adjacent land owners; when it is resolved the path will be installed. The benefits to relocating the path are that it is much safer getting from the 7th green to the 8th tees.  Previously, the player had to drive toward people teeing off on hole 8, very dangerous.  Also, by removing the path, the area between the holes will be a nice swath of green grass unbroken by an asphalt path. 
Pictured left is the restored greenside bunker on hole 15.  Much of the hole was damaged in a botched renovation by another architect in 2001.
The next series of pictures shows the existing conditions to the right of the 15th green.  In the picture to the right you see the restored bunker on the left side that is depicted in the picture above.  In the middle of the picture is a small pot bunker that was added and green taken away in 2001.  In a later phase this bunker will be removed.  Going clockwise, in the picture below and right is a close-up of the small pot bunker and the area behind the green.  A large bunker used to be in this area, and as mentioned above the green extended out to where the pot bunker presently is located.  In the picture below, is a better view of the area behind the green that was once a large bunker.  In the future the cart path will be removed, the green will be extended back to the area it once occupied, and the bunker will return.
Below is the hole as it existed after the 2001 renovation.  The left bunker has been restored this year to the 1940 aerial.  The pot bunker to the right still exists, and will be removed in a later phase of work. Below is the hole as it existed in 1940, when it was hole 11.  Notice how far to the right the green was at that time.  The bunker behind the green was removed in 2001, and the green made smaller.  Below is the master plan for restoring the green.  The left bunker has been restored to its previous size.  The green will be expanded back out to its original size and the bunker in back of the green will be restored.  The bunker shape is modified somewhat to accommodate the existing back tee for hole 14 which is to the right of the bunker.  The bunker is wider as well in order to fit the area in which it will be restored. 


401 Liberty Drive    Blandon  Pennsylvania  19510     
design 2000-2012 Kelly Blake Moran Golf Course Architects
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